Lamka also known as Churachandpur (which the local people dearly called it Lamka since time immemorial) is the district headquarters of Churachandpur district in Manipur. Due to its commercial origins, Lamka is the most multi-ethnic and cosmopolitan hill town in Manipur. During WW II, Churachandpur did not escape Japanese bombing; but it enjoyed about five decades of quiet and peaceful progress in the post-War period. Especially during the 1970s and ’80s, Lamka was an “island of peace” which exerted a magnetic pull for many moneyed investors seeking good profit.
The district is inhabited by several tribes, mainly belonging to the Chin-Kuki-Mizo (CHIKIM) group. Each tribe has a distinct social order as well as community laws. The system of hereditary chiefship as well as community ownership of village land is prevalent in the district. In case of hereditary chiefship the chief is all-powerful as he controls not only the economy of the village through his ownership of the land but exercises social control over the households in the village. An overwhelming majority of the tribal population has converted to Christianity. Christianity has not materially changed the social order but was the critical faith in bringing to an end the head-hunting wars and savagery that characterized early tribal societies. Education rapidly spread through English medium schools. In the last hundred years the society has undergone radical change from the past. All tribal societies are patriarchal, but the women are not discriminated against. They play a significant role in agriculture and animal husbandry, besides being actively involved in weaving.
Churachandpur is part of Outer Manipur (Lok Sabha constituency).